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Green Terms

  • Alpaca - A natural hair fiber obtained from Alpaca, a domesticated member of the llama family. The fiber is most commonly used in fabrics made into sweaters, dresses, coats, bedding batting, and sweaters.

  • Bamboo - bamboo is a natural renewable resource. It can be made into fabrics.

  • Cellulose - A material derived from the cell walls of certain plants. Cellulose is used in the production of many vegetable fibers, as well as being the major raw material component used in the production of the manufactured fibers of acetate, rayon, and triacetate.


  • Cotton
  1. Cotton - can be organic or conventionally grown.
  2. Color Grown Cotton - Cotton plants can grow in different colors. The colors of the cotton range from white to green, to many colors of tan and brown, and also a charcoal grey.  Commercial production and processing remain a challenge predominately due to the advances in technology and speed of the spinning and weaving machinery, the availability of inexpensive dyestuffs and the development of higher yielding cotton.  With the limitations of lower yields and shorter, weaker fibers, color-grown cotton varieties have had to go through an extensive breeding program to improve their yield, fiber quality, color intensity and color palette.  Color grown fabrics may contain certain natural variations in color, light fastness and shrinkage. FoxFibre.
  3. Commercial Cotton - same as conventional cotton.
  4. Conventional Cotton - Is ordinarily one of the crops most heavily sprayed with pesticides.  Most cotton grown today is heavily sprayed with chemical defoliants, insecticides and pesticides. Uses about 3% of the farmland but consumes approximately 25% of the chemical pesticides and fertilizers.
  5. Green Cotton - cotton that has no formaldehydes, dyes, or bleaches, but has not necessarily been grown without pesticides.
  6. Organic Cotton - Has the same characteristics as green cotton and also is grown on fields that have not used chemical pesticides, or insecticides for at least 3 years.
  7. Traditional Cotton - same as conventional cotton


  • Damask - A glossy jacquard fabric, usually made from linen, cotton, rayon, silk, or blends. The patterns are flat and reversible. The fabric is often used in sheets, draperies, and upholstery.


  • Ecologically Friendly Dyes
  1. Bleaching - To whiten fabrics, the most environmentally friendly way to do this is to use hydrogen peroxide. Hydrogen peroxide can help produce a white fabric, but not a bright white fabric.
  2. Low Impact Dyes - Use  less water to disperse the dye, so less dye is used and waste water is carefully filtered to remove as many of the dye particles as possible.
  3. Fiber Reactive Dyes - the dye molecules bond directly with the fiber molecules. These dyes are the best quality and most ecologically sound synthetic dyes available. They contain no heavy metals or other known toxic substances. The colors are brighter, richer, and exhibit superior colorfast properties. Very little residual dye comes out in the wastewater.  Significantly more costly than using conventional direct dyes but the quality and ecological benefits make it well work it.
  4. Naturally Colored - Fiber that is grown a natural color, without dyes. Some examples of this can be found with cotton, sheep wool, and alpaca wool.
  5. Vegetable Dyes - Wide range of colors that can have subtle muted shades and earthy colors. They are gathered from natural sources and can be used without heavy metal mordants, also known as fixatives.


  • Flax - The plant from which cellulose linen fiber is obtained. Linen is used in apparel, accessories, draperies, upholstery, tablecloths, and towels.


  • Hand - The way the fabric feels when it is touched. Terms like softness, crispness, dryness, silkiness are all terms that describe the hand of the fabric.


  • Hemp - A coarse, durable bast fiber obtained from the inner bark of the hemp plant. Used primarily in twines and cordages, and apparel.


  • Latex
  1. 100% natural latex - is 100% natural latex. Contains no synthetic ingredients.
  2. 100% latex - same as latex.
  3. all natural latex - some manufactures and retailer use this term to describe the blended latex they use to confuse customers into believing that they are 100% natural.
  4. blended latex - also known as Styrene Butadiene Rubber (SBR). produced with petrochemicals and does not have the resilience properties that 100% natural latex has.
  5. latex - can be synthetic, blended synthetic, or 100% natural.
  6. natural latex - could mean blended latex or 100% natural. In Europe, anything that has at least 20% natural latex is considered natural.


  • Jusi Banana Fabric - Not all Jusi is made out of banana leaves. Some Jusi is made out of silk worm cocoons.


  • Jute - A bast fiber, chiefly from India, used primarily for gunny sacks, bags, cordage, and binding threads in carpets and rugs.


  • Kapok - A short, lightweight, cotton-like, vegetable fiber found in the seed pods of the Bombocaceae tree. Because of its brittle quality, it is generally not spun. However, its buoyancy and moisture resistance makes it ideal for use in cushions, mattresses, and life jackets.


  • Mohair - Hair fibers from the Angora goat. End-uses include sweaters, coats, suits, and scarves.


  • Muslin - A medium weight, plain weave, cotton sheeting fabric.


  • Nessel - (Nettle in German) Can be grown without pesticides or herbicides. Developed from the Brennessel plant. This plant grows in almost all types of soils and can be harvested for up to 20 years. The Brennessel is one of the most productive plants. It requires very little fertilization because the minerals are not leached out of the ground by these plants. Brennessel is naturally resistant to many parasites: over 100 different kinds of insects. It can be more finely woven than cotton, can have the gloss of silk, and can have insulation characteristics.


  • Quilting - A layer or layers of batting held in place between two layers of fabric, and then held in place by stitching or sealing in a regular, consistent, all-over pattern.


  • Ramie - A bast fiber, similar to flax, taken from the stalk of a plant grown in China.


  • Resiliency - The ability of a fabric to spring back to its original shape after being twisted, crushed, wrinkled, or distorted in any way.


  • Sateen - A fabric made from yarns with low luster, such as cotton or other staple length fibers. The fabric has a soft, smooth hand and a gentle, subtle luster. Often used for linens, draperies and upholstery.


  • Serging - An overcasting technique done on the cut edge of a fabric to prevent raveling. This is used in finishing the natural wool rugs that we offer.


  • Sinamay - Fabric weaved out of leaves from certain varieties of pineapple (Piña) that grow in the Philippines.


  • Sisal - A strong bast fiber that originates from the leaves of the Agave plant, which is found in the West Indies, Central America, and Africa. End-uses include cordage and twine.


  • Tencel - naturally derived from cellulose which is extracted from managed trees. It is one of the softest and most elegant fibers available.


  • Terry Cloth - Typical uses include towels, robes, and apparel. A typical uncut pile weave fabric. This fabric is formed by using two sets of warp yarns. One set of warp yarns is under very little tension; when the filling yarns are packed into place, these loose yarns are pushed backward along with the filling yarns, and loops are formed.


  • Ticking - A tightly woven, very durable fabric, usually made of cotton, and used for covering mattresses, box springs, pillows, and work clothes. The fabric can be made by using a plain, satin, or twill weave construction.


  • Viscose - It is the most common type of rayon, which is composed of regenerated cellulose. Derived from wood pulp, cotton linters, or other vegetable matter. The other type of rayon is made by the cuprammonium process.


  • Warp - In woven fabric, the yarns that run lengthwise and is interwoven with the fill (weft) yarns.


  • Weft - In woven fabric, the filling yarns that run perpendicular to the warp yarns.


  • Wickability  - The ability of a fiber or a fabric to disperse moisture and allow it to pass through to the surface of the fabric, so that evaporation can take place.


  • Wool
  1. Conventional Wool
  2. Organic Alpaca Wool - Finer than cashmere, smoother than silk, softer than cotton, stronger than mohair, warmer than goose down and synthetic fabrics, and breathes better than thermal knits. The fibers do not have lanolin or other oils. Luxuriously soft on your skin. Hypoallergenic. Naturally fire resistant. Dust mite resistant. Cruelty free.
  3. Organic Sheep Wool






NOTE: A few of our products do use green cotton, which is cotton that has been processed without formaldehydes, dyes, and bleaches, but not necessarily grown without pesticides. We do not have any conventional (standard) cotton on this web site. If green cotton is used, it is stated in the product information.



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