- Alpaca -
A natural hair fiber obtained from Alpaca, a
domesticated member of the llama family. The fiber is most
commonly used in fabrics made into sweaters, dresses, coats,
bedding batting, and sweaters.
- Bamboo - bamboo is
a natural renewable resource. It can be made into fabrics.
- Cellulose -
A material derived from the cell walls of
certain plants. Cellulose is used in the production of many
vegetable fibers, as well as being the major raw material
component used in the production of the manufactured fibers
of acetate, rayon, and triacetate.
- Cotton - can be
organic or conventionally grown.
- Color Grown Cotton
- Cotton plants can grow in different colors. The colors of
the cotton range from white to green, to many colors of tan
and brown, and also a charcoal grey. Commercial production
and processing remain a challenge predominately due to the
advances in technology and speed of the spinning and weaving
machinery, the availability of inexpensive dyestuffs and the
development of higher yielding cotton. With the limitations
of lower yields and shorter, weaker fibers, color-grown
cotton varieties have had to go through an extensive
breeding program to improve their yield, fiber quality,
color intensity and color palette. Color grown fabrics may
contain certain natural variations in color, light fastness
and shrinkage. FoxFibre.
- Commercial Cotton -
same as conventional cotton.
- Conventional Cotton
- Is ordinarily one of the crops most heavily sprayed with
pesticides. Most cotton grown today is heavily sprayed with
chemical defoliants, insecticides and pesticides. Uses about
3% of the farmland but consumes approximately 25% of the
chemical pesticides and fertilizers.
Green Cotton - cotton that has no formaldehydes,
dyes, or bleaches, but has not necessarily been grown
- Organic Cotton -
Has the same characteristics as green cotton and also is
grown on fields that have not used chemical pesticides, or
insecticides for at least 3 years.
- Traditional Cotton
- same as conventional cotton
- Damask -
A glossy jacquard fabric, usually made from
linen, cotton, rayon, silk, or blends. The patterns are flat
and reversible. The fabric is often used in sheets,
draperies, and upholstery.
- Ecologically Friendly
- Bleaching - To
whiten fabrics, the most environmentally friendly way to do
this is to use hydrogen peroxide. Hydrogen peroxide
can help produce a white fabric, but not a bright white
- Low Impact Dyes -
Use less water to disperse the dye, so less dye is used and
waste water is carefully filtered to remove as many of the
dye particles as possible.
- Fiber Reactive Dyes
- the dye molecules bond directly with the fiber molecules.
These dyes are the best quality and most ecologically sound
synthetic dyes available. They contain no heavy metals or
other known toxic substances. The colors are brighter,
richer, and exhibit superior colorfast properties. Very
little residual dye comes out in the wastewater.
Significantly more costly than using conventional direct
dyes but the quality and ecological benefits make it well
- Naturally Colored -
Fiber that is grown a natural color, without dyes. Some
examples of this can be found with cotton, sheep wool, and
- Vegetable Dyes -
Wide range of colors that can have subtle muted shades and
earthy colors. They are gathered from natural sources and
can be used without heavy metal mordants, also known as
- Flax -
The plant from which cellulose linen fiber is
obtained. Linen is used in apparel, accessories, draperies,
upholstery, tablecloths, and towels.
- Hand -
The way the fabric feels when it is touched.
Terms like softness, crispness, dryness, silkiness are all
terms that describe the hand of the fabric.
- Hemp - A coarse, durable bast
fiber obtained from the inner bark of the hemp plant. Used
primarily in twines and cordages, and apparel.
- 100% natural latex - is
100% natural latex. Contains no synthetic ingredients.
- 100% latex - same as
- all natural latex - some
manufactures and retailer use this term to describe the
blended latex they use to confuse customers into believing
that they are 100% natural.
- blended latex - also known
as Styrene Butadiene Rubber (SBR). produced with
petrochemicals and does not have the resilience properties
that 100% natural latex has.
- latex - can be synthetic,
blended synthetic, or 100% natural.
- natural latex - could mean
blended latex or 100% natural. In Europe, anything that has
at least 20% natural latex is considered natural.
- Jusi Banana Fabric
- Not all Jusi is made out of banana leaves. Some Jusi is
made out of silk worm cocoons.
- Jute -
A bast fiber, chiefly from India, used
primarily for gunny sacks, bags, cordage, and binding
threads in carpets and rugs.
- Kapok - A short, lightweight,
cotton-like, vegetable fiber found in the seed pods of the
Bombocaceae tree. Because of its brittle quality, it is
generally not spun. However, its buoyancy and moisture
resistance makes it ideal for use in cushions, mattresses,
and life jackets.
- Mohair - Hair fibers from the
Angora goat. End-uses include sweaters, coats, suits, and
- Muslin -
A medium weight, plain weave, cotton sheeting
- Nessel - (Nettle in
German) Can be grown without pesticides or herbicides.
Developed from the Brennessel plant. This plant grows in
almost all types of soils and can be harvested for up to 20
years. The Brennessel is one of the most productive plants.
It requires very little fertilization because the minerals
are not leached out of the ground by these plants.
Brennessel is naturally resistant to many parasites: over
100 different kinds of insects. It can be more finely woven
than cotton, can have the gloss of silk, and can have
- Quilting - A layer or layers of
batting held in place between two layers of fabric, and then
held in place by stitching or sealing in a regular,
consistent, all-over pattern.
- Ramie - A bast fiber, similar to
flax, taken from the stalk of a plant grown in China.
- Resiliency - The ability of a
fabric to spring back to its original shape after being
twisted, crushed, wrinkled, or distorted in any way.
- Sateen - A fabric made from yarns
with low luster, such as cotton or other staple length
fibers. The fabric has a soft, smooth hand and a gentle,
subtle luster. Often used for linens, draperies and
- Serging - An overcasting technique
done on the cut edge of a fabric to prevent raveling. This
is used in finishing the natural wool rugs that we offer.
- Sinamay - Fabric
weaved out of leaves from certain varieties of pineapple
(Piña) that grow in the Philippines.
- Sisal -
A strong bast fiber that originates from the
leaves of the Agave plant, which is found in the West
Indies, Central America, and Africa. End-uses include
cordage and twine.
- Tencel - naturally
derived from cellulose which is extracted from managed
trees. It is one of the softest and most elegant fibers
- Terry Cloth -
Typical uses include towels, robes,
and apparel. A typical uncut pile weave fabric. This fabric
is formed by using two sets of warp yarns. One set of warp
yarns is under very little tension; when the filling yarns
are packed into place, these loose yarns are pushed backward
along with the filling yarns, and loops are formed.
- Ticking -
A tightly woven, very durable fabric, usually
made of cotton, and used for covering mattresses, box
springs, pillows, and work clothes. The fabric can be made
by using a plain, satin, or twill weave construction.
- Viscose - It is the
most common type of rayon, which is composed of regenerated
cellulose. Derived from wood pulp, cotton linters, or other
vegetable matter. The other type of rayon is made by the
- Warp -
In woven fabric, the yarns that run
lengthwise and is interwoven with the fill (weft) yarns.
- Weft -
In woven fabric, the filling yarns that run
perpendicular to the warp yarns.
- Wickability - The ability of a
fiber or a fabric to disperse moisture and allow it to pass
through to the surface of the fabric, so that evaporation
can take place.
- Conventional Wool
- Organic Alpaca Wool
- Finer than cashmere, smoother than silk, softer than
cotton, stronger than mohair, warmer than goose down and
synthetic fabrics, and breathes better than thermal knits.
The fibers do not have lanolin or other oils. Luxuriously
soft on your skin. Hypoallergenic. Naturally fire resistant.
Dust mite resistant. Cruelty free.
- Organic Sheep Wool
NOTE: A few of our
products do use green cotton, which is cotton that has been
processed without formaldehydes, dyes, and bleaches, but not
necessarily grown without pesticides. We do not have any
conventional (standard) cotton on this web site. If green cotton
is used, it is stated in the product information.